dWeb University

dSiteDB Guide

A distributed database that reads and writes records on dweb:// websites.

How it works

Example

Instantiate:

// in the browser
const DSiteDB = require('@dwebs/dsitedb')
var dsitedb = new DSiteDB('dsitedb-example')

// in nodejs
const DPackVault = require('@dpack/vault')
const DSiteDB = require('@dwebs/dsitedb')
var dsitedb = new DSiteDB('./dsitedb-example', {DPackVault})

Define your table:

dsitedb.define('aliens', {
  // validate required attributes before indexing
  validate(record) {
    assert(record.firstName && typeof record.firstName === 'string')
    assert(record.lastName && typeof record.lastName === 'string')
    return true
  },

  // secondary indexes for fast queries (optional)
  index: ['lastName', 'lastName+firstName', 'age'],

  // files to index
  filePattern: [
    '/alien.json',
    '/aliens/*.json'
  ]
})

Then open the DB:

await dsitedb.open()

Next we add vaults to be indexed into the database.

await dsitedb.indexVault('dweb://alice.com')
await dsitedb.indexVault(['dweb://bob.com', 'dweb://carla.com'])

Now we can begin querying the database for records.

// get any alien record where lastName === 'Roberts'
var mrRoberts = await dsitedb.aliens.get('lastName', 'Roberts')

// response attributes:
console.log(mrRoberts.lastName)          // => 'Roberts'
console.log(mrRoberts)                   // => {lastName: 'Roberts', ...}
console.log(mrRoberts.getRecordURL())    // => 'dweb://foo.com/bar.json'
console.log(mrRoberts.getRecordOrigin()) // => 'dweb://foo.com'
console.log(mrRoberts.getIndexedAt())    // => 1511913554723

// get any alien record named Bob Roberts
var mrRoberts = await dsitedb.aliens.get('lastName+firstName', ['Roberts', 'Bob'])

// get all alien records with the 'Roberts' lastname
var robertsFamily = await dsitedb.aliens
  .where('lastName')
  .equalsIgnoreCase('roberts')
  .toArray()

// get all alien records with the 'Roberts' lastname
// and a firstname that starts with 'B'
// - this uses a compound index
var robertsFamilyWithaBName = await dsitedb.aliens
  .where('lastName+firstName')
  .between(['Roberts', 'B'], ['Roberts', 'B\uffff'])
  .toArray()

// get all alien records on a given origin
// - `:origin` is an auto-generated attribute
var aliensOnBobsSite = await dsitedb.aliens
  .where(':origin')
  .equals('dweb://bob.com')
  .toArray()

// get the 30 oldest aliens indexed
var oldestPeople = await dsitedb.aliens
  .orderBy('age')
  .reverse() // oldest first
  .limit(30)
  .toArray()

// count the # of young aliens
var oldestPeople = await dsitedb.aliens
  .where('age')
  .belowOrEqual(18)
  .count()

We can also use DSiteDB to create, modify, and delete records (and their matching files).

// set the record
await dsitedb.aliens.put('dweb://bob.com/alien.json', {
  firstName: 'Bob',
  lastName: 'Roberts',
  age: 31
})

// update the record if it exists
await dsitedb.aliens.update('dweb://bob.com/alien.json', {
  age: 32
})

// update or create the record
await dsitedb.aliens.upsert('dweb://bob.com/alien.json', {
  age: 32
})

// delete the record
await dsitedb.aliens.delete('dweb://bob.com/alien.json')

// update the spelling of all Roberts records
await dsitedb.aliens
  .where('lastName')
  .equals('Roberts')
  .update({lastName: 'Robertos'})

// increment the age of all aliens under 18
var oldestPeople = await dsitedb.aliens
  .where('age')
  .belowOrEqual(18)
  .update(record => {
    record.age = record.age + 1
  })

// delete the 30 oldest aliens
var oldestPeople = await dsitedb.aliens
  .orderBy('age')
  .reverse() // oldest first
  .limit(30)
  .delete()

Table of Contents

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How to use DSiteDB

Table definitions

Use the define() method to define your tables, and then call dsitedb.open() to create them.

Indexing sites

Use indexVault() and unindexVault() to control which sites will be indexed.
Indexed data will persist in the database until unindexVault() is called.
However, indexVault() should always be called on load to get the latest data.

If you only want to index the current state of a site, and do not want to watch for updates, call indexVault() with the {watch: false} option.

You can index and de-index individual files using indexFile() and unindexFile().

Creating queries

Queries are created with a chained function API.
You can create a query from the table object using .query(), .where(), or .orderBy().
The where() method returns an object with multiple filter functions that you can use.

var myQuery = dsitedb.query().where('foo').equals('bar')
var myQuery = dsitedb.where('foo').equals('bar') // equivalent
var myQuery = dsitedb.where('foo').startsWith('ba')
var myQuery = dsitedb.where('foo').between('bar', 'baz', {includeLower: true, includeUpper: false})

Each query has a primary key.
By default, this is the url attribute, but it can be changed using .where() or .orderBy().
In this example, the primary key becomes 'foo':

var myQuery = dsitedb.orderBy('foo')

At this time, the primary key must be one of the indexed attributes.
There are 2 indexes created automatically for every record: url and origin.
The other indexes are specified in your table's define() call using the index option.

Applying linear-scan filters

After the primary key index is applied, you can apply additional filters using filter(fn) and until(fn).
These methods are called "linear scan" filters because they require each record to be loaded and then filtered out.
(Until stops when it hits the first false response.)

var myQuery = dsitedb.query()
  .where('foo').equals('bar')
  .filter(record => record.beep == 'boop') // additional filter

Applying query modifiers

You can apply the following modifiers to your query to alter the output:

Executing 'read' queries

Once your query has been defined, you can execute and read the results using one of these methods:

Executing 'write' queries

Once your query has been defined, you can execute and modify the results using one of these methods:

If you try to modify rows in vaults that are not writable, DSiteDB will throw an error.

Table helper methods

The following methods exist on the table object for query reads and writes:

Record methods

record.getRecordURL()    // => 'dweb://foo.com/bar.json'
record.getRecordOrigin() // => 'dweb://foo.com'
record.getIndexedAt()    // => 1511913554723

Every record is emitted in a wrapper object with the following methods:

  • getRecordURL() The URL of the record.
  • getRecordOrigin() The URL of the site the record was found on.
  • getIndexedAt() The timestamp of when the record was indexed.

These attributes can be used in indexes with the following IDs:

  • :url
  • :origin
  • :indexedAt

For instance:

dsitedb.define('things', {
  // ...
  index: [
    ':indexedAt', // ordered by time the record was indexed
    ':origin+createdAt' // ordered by origin and declared create timestamp (a record attribute)
  ],
  // ...
})
await dsitedb.open()
dsitedb.things.where(':indexedAt').above(Date.now() - ms('1 week'))
dsitedb.things.where(':origin+createdAt').between(['dweb://bob.com', 0], ['dweb://bob.com', Infinity])

Handling multiple schemas

Since the Web is a complex place, you'll frequently have to deal with multiple schemas which are slightly different.
To deal with this, you can use a definition object to support multiple attribute names under one index.

dsitedb.define('places', {
  // ...

  index: [
    // a simple index definition:
    'name',

    // an object index definition:
    {name: 'zipCode', def: ['zipCode', 'zip_code']}
  ]

  // ...
})

Now, when you run queries on the 'zipCode' key, you will search against both 'zipCode' and 'zip_code'.
Note, however, that the records emitted from the query will not be changed by DSiteDB and so they may differ.

For example:

dsitedb.places.where('zipCode').equals('78705').each(record => {
  console.log(record.zipCode) // may be '78705' or undefined
  console.log(record.zip_code) // may be '78705' or undefined
})

To solve this, you can preprocess records.

Preprocessing records

Sometimes, you need to modify records before they're stored in the database. This can be for a number of reasons:

  • Normalization. Small differences in accepted record schemas may need to be merged (see handling multiple schemas).
  • Indexing. DSiteDB's index spec only supports toplevel attributes. If the data is embedded in a sub-object, you'll need to place the data at the top-level.
  • Computed attributes.

For these cases, you can use the preprocess(record) function in the table definition:

dsitedb.define('places', {
  // ...

  preprocess(record) {
    // normalize zipCode and zip_code
    if (record.zip_code) {
      record.zipCode = record.zip_code
    }

    // move an attribute to the root object for indexing
    record.title = record.info.title

    // compute an attribute
    record.location = `${record.address} ${record.city}, ${record.state} ${record.zipCode}`

    return record
  }

  // ...
})

These attributes will be stored in the DSiteDB table.

Serializing records

When records are updated by DSiteDB, they are published to a dSite as a file.
Since these files are distributed on the Web, it's wise to avoid adding noise to the record.

To control the exact record that will be published, you can set the serialize(record) function in the table definition:

dsitedb.define('places', {
  // ...

  serialize(record) {
    // write the following object to the dSite:
    return {
      info: record.info,
      city: record.city,
      state: record.state,
      zipCode: record.zipCode
    }
  }

  // ...
})

Using JSON-Schema to validate

The default way to validate records is to provide a validator function.
If the function throws an error or returns falsy, the record will not be indexed.

It can be tedious to write validation functions, so you might want to use JSON-Schema:

const Ajv = require('ajv')
dsitedb.define('aliens', {
  validate: (new Ajv()).compile({
    type: 'object',
    properties: {
      firstName: {
        type: 'string'
      },
      lastName: {
        type: 'string'
      },
      age: {
        description: 'Age in years',
        type: 'integer',
        minimum: 0
      }
    },
    required: ['firstName', 'lastName']
  }),

  // ...
})

Helper tables

Sometimes you need internal storage to help you maintain application state.
This may be for interfaces, or data which is private, or for special kinds of indexes.

For instance, in the dStatus app, we needed an index for notifications.
This index was conditional: it needed to contain posts which were replies to the user, or likes which were on the user's post.
For cases like this, you can use a "helper table."

dsitedb.define('notifications', {
  helperTable: true,
  index: ['createdAt'],
  preprocess (record) {
    record.createdAt = Date.now()
  }
})

When the helperTable attribute is set to true in a table definition, the table will not be used to index dPack vaults.
Instead, it will exist purely in the local data cache, and only contain data which is .put() there.
In all other respects, it behaves like a normal table.

In dStatus, the helper table is used with events to track notifications:

// track reply notifications
dsitedb.posts.on('put', async ({record, url, origin}) => {
  if (origin === userUrl) return // dont index the user's own posts
  if (isAReplyToUser(record) === false) return // only index replies to the user
  if (await isNotificationIndexed(url)) return // don't index if already indexed
  await db.notifications.put(url, {type: 'reply', url})
})
dsitedb.posts.on('del', async ({url}) => {
  if (await isNotificationIndexed(url)) {
    await db.notifications.delete(url)
  }
})

Class: DSiteDB

new DSiteDB([name, opts])

var dsitedb = new DSiteDB('mydb')
  • name String. Defaults to 'dsitedb'. If run in the browser, this will be the name of the IndexedDB instance. If run in NodeJS, this will be the path of the LevelDB folder.
  • opts Object.
    • DPackVault Constructor. The class constructor for dPack vault instances. If in node, you should specify @dpack/vault.

Create a new DSiteDB instance.
The given name will control where the indexes are saved.
You can specify different names to run multiple DSiteDB instances at once.

DSiteDB.delete([name])

await DSiteDB.delete('mydb')
  • name String. Defaults to 'dsitedb'. If run in the browser, this will be the name of the IndexedDB instance. If run in NodeJS, this will be the path of the LevelDB folder.
  • Returns Promise<Void>.

Deletes the indexes and metadata for the given DSiteDB.

Instance: DSiteDB

dsitedb.open()

await dsitedb.open()
  • Returns Promise<Object>.
    • rebuilds Array<String>. The tables which were built or rebuilt during setup.

Runs final setup for the DSiteDB instance.
This must be run after .define() to create the table instances.

dsitedb.close()

await dsitedb.close()
  • Returns Promise<Void>.

Closes the DSiteDB instance.

dsitedb.delete()

await dsitedb.delete()
  • Returns Promise<Void>.

Closes and destroys all indexes in the DSiteDB instance.

You can .delete() and then .open() a DSiteDB to recreate its indexes.

await dsitedb.delete()
await dsitedb.open()

dsitedb.define(name, definition)

  • name String. The name of the table.
  • definition Object.
    • index Array<String or Object>. A list of attributes which should have secondary indexes produced for querying. Each index value is a keypath (see https://www.w3.org/TR/IndexedDB/#dfn-key-path) or an object definition (see below).
    • filePattern String or Array<String>. An anymatch list of files to index.
    • helperTable Boolean. If true, the table will be used for storing internal data and will not be used to index Dat vaults. See helper tables
    • validate Function. A method to accept or reject a file from indexing based on its content. If the method returns falsy or throws an error, the file will not be indexed.
      • record Object.
      • Returns Boolean.
    • preprocess Function. A method to modify the record after read from the dSite. See preprocessing records.
      • record Object.
      • Returns Object.
    • serialize Function. A method to modify the record before write to the dSite. See serializing records.
      • record Object.
      • Returns Object.
  • Returns Void.

Creates a new table on the dsitedb object.
The table will be set at dsitedb.{name} and be the DSiteDBTable type.
This method must be called before open()

Indexed attributes may either be defined as a keypath string or an object definition.
The object definition has the following values:

  • name String. The name of the index.
  • def String or Array<String>. The definition of the index.

If the value of def is an array, it supports each definition.
This is useful when supporting multiple schemas (learn more here).

In the index definition, you can specify compound indexes with a + separator in the keypath.
You can also index each value of an array using the * sigil at the start of the name.
Some example index definitions:

a simple index           - 'firstName'
as an object def         - {name: 'firstName', def: 'firstName'}
a compound index         - 'firstName+lastName'
index an array's values  - '*favoriteFruits'
many keys                - {name: 'firstName', def: ['firstName', 'first_name']}
many keys, compound      - {name: 'firstName+lastName', def: ['firstName+lastName', 'first_name+last_name']}

You can specify which files should be processed into the table using the filePattern option.
If unspecified, it will default to all json files on the site ('*.json').

Example:

dsitedb.define('aliens', {
  validate(record) {
    assert(record.firstName && typeof record.firstName === 'string')
    assert(record.lastName && typeof record.lastName === 'string')
    return true
  },
  index: ['lastName', 'lastName+firstName', 'age'],
  filePattern: [
    '/alien.json',
    '/aliens/*.json'
  ]
})

await dsitedb.open()
// the new table will now be defined at dsitedb.aliens

dsitedb.indexVault(url[, opts])

await dsitedb.indexVault('dweb://foo.com')
  • url String or DPackVault or Array<String or DPackVault>. The sites to index.
  • opts Object.
    • watch Boolean. Should DSiteDB watch the vault for changes, and index them immediately? Defaults to true.
  • Returns Promise<Void>.

Add one or more dweb:// sites to be indexed.
The method will return when the site has been fully indexed.
This will add the given vault to the "sources" list.

dsitedb.unindexVault(url)

await dsitedb.unindexVault('dweb://foo.com')
  • url String or DPackVault. The site to deindex.
  • Returns Promise<Void>.

Remove a dweb:// site from the dataset.
The method will return when the site has been fully de-indexed.
This will remove the given vault from the "sources" list.

dsitedb.indexFile(vault, filepath)

await dsitedb.indexFile(fooVault, '/bar.json')
  • vault DPackVault. The site containing the file to index.
  • filepath String. The path of the file to index.
  • Returns Promise<Void>.

Add a single file to the index.
The method will return when the file has been indexed.

This will not add the file or its vault to the "sources" list.
Unlike indexVault, DSiteDB will not watch the file after this call.

dsitedb.indexFile(url)

await dsitedb.indexFile('dweb://foo.com/bar.json')
  • url String. The url of the file to index.
  • Returns Promise<Void>.

Add a single file to the index.
The method will return when the file has been indexed.

This will not add the file or its vault to the "sources" list.

dsitedb.unindexFile(vault, filepath)

await dsitedb.unindexFile(fooVault, '/bar.json')
  • vault DPackVault. The site containing the file to deindex.
  • filepath String. The path of the file to deindex.
  • Returns Promise<Void>.

Remove a single file from the dataset.
The method will return when the file has been de-indexed.

dsitedb.unindexFile(url)

await dsitedb.unindexFile('dweb://foo.com')
  • url String. The url of the file to deindex.
  • Returns Promise<Void>.

Remove a single file from the dataset.
The method will return when the file has been de-indexed.

dsitedb.listSources()

var urls = await dsitedb.listSources()
  • Returns Array<String>.

Lists the URLs of the dweb:// sites which are included in the dataset.

dsitedb.isSource(url)

var urls = await dsitedb.isSource('dweb://foo.com')
  • Returns Boolean.

Is the given dweb:// URL included in the dataset?

Event: 'open'

dsitedb.on('open', () => {
  console.log('DSiteDB is ready for use')
})

Emitted when the DSiteDB instance has been opened using open().

Event: 'open-failed'

dsitedb.on('open-failed', (err) => {
  console.log('DSiteDB failed to open', err)
})
  • error Error.

Emitted when the DSiteDB instance fails to open during open().

Event: 'indexes-reset'

dsitedb.on('indexes-reset', () => {
  console.log('DSiteDB detected a change in schemas and reset all indexes')
})

Emitted when the DSiteDB instance detects a change in the schemas and has to reindex the dataset.
All indexes are cleared and will be reindexed as sources are added.

Event: 'indexes-updated'

dsitedb.on('indexes-updated', (url, version) => {
  console.log('Tables were updated for', url, 'at version', version)
})
  • url String. The vault that was updated.
  • version Number. The version which was updated to.

Emitted when the DSiteDB instance has updated the stored data for a vault.

Event: 'source-indexing'

dsitedb.on('source-indexing', (url, startVersion, targetVersion) => {
  console.log('Tables are updating for', url, 'from version', startVersion, 'to', targetVersion)
})
  • url String. The vault that was updated.
  • startVersion Number. The version which is being indexed from.
  • targetVersion Number. The version which is being indexed to.

Emitted when the DSiteDB instance has started to index the given vault.

Event: 'source-index-progress'

dsitedb.on('source-index-progress', (url, tick, total) => {
  console.log('Update for', url, 'is', Math.round(tick / total * 100), '% complete')
})
  • url String. The vault that was updated.
  • tick Number. The current update being applied.
  • total Number. The total number of updates being applied.

Emitted when an update has been applied during an indexing process.

Event: 'source-indexed'

dsitedb.on('source-indexed', (url, version) => {
  console.log('Tables were updated for', url, 'at version', version)
})
  • url String. The vault that was updated.
  • version Number. The version which was updated to.

Emitted when the DSiteDB instance has indexed the given vault.
This is similar to 'indexes-updated', but it fires every time a source is indexed, whether or not it results in updates to the indexes.

Event: 'source-missing'

dsitedb.on('source-missing', (url) => {
  console.log('DSiteDB couldnt find', url, '- now searching')
})

Emitted when a source's data was not locally available or found on the network.
When this occurs, DSiteDB will continue searching for the data, and emit 'source-found' on success.

Event: 'source-found'

dsitedb.on('source-found', (url) => {
  console.log('DSiteDB has found and indexed', url)
})

Emitted when a source's data was found after originally not being found during indexing.
This event will only be emitted after 'source-missing' is emitted.

Event: 'source-error'

dsitedb.on('source-error', (url, err) => {
  console.log('DSiteDB failed to index', url, err)
})

Emitted when a source fails to load.

Instance: DSiteDBTable

table.count()

var numRecords = await dsitedb.mytable.count()
  • Returns Promise<Number>.

Count the number of records in the table.

table.delete(url)

await dsitedb.mytable.delete('dweb://foo.com/bar.json')
  • Returns Promise<Number>. The number of deleted records (should be 0 or 1).

Delete the record at the given URL.

table.each(fn)

await dsitedb.mytable.each(record => {
  console.log(record)
})
  • fn Function.
    • record Object.
    • Returns Void.
  • Returns Promise<Void>.

Iterate over all records in the table with the given function.

table.filter(fn)

var records = await dsitedb.mytable.filter(record => {
  return (record.foo == 'bar')
})
  • fn Function.
    • record Object.
    • Returns Boolean.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Start a new query and apply the given filter function to the resultset.

table.get(url)

var record = await dsitedb.mytable.get('dweb://foo.com/myrecord.json')
  • url String. The URL of the record to fetch.
  • Returns Promise<Object>.

Get the record at the given URL.

table.get(key, value)

var record = await dsitedb.mytable.get('foo', 'bar')
  • key String. The keyname to search against.
  • value Any. The value to match against.
  • Promise<Object>.

Get the record first record to match the given key/value query.

table.isRecordFile(url)

var isRecord = dsitedb.mytable.isRecordFile('dweb://foo.com/myrecord.json')
  • url String.
  • Returns Boolean.

Tells you whether the given URL matches the table's file pattern.

table.limit(n)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.limit(10)
  • n Number.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Creates a new query with the given limit applied.

table.listRecordFiles(url)

var recordFiles = await dsitedb.mytable.listRecordFiles('dweb://foo.com')
  • url String.
  • Returns Promise<Array<Object>>. On each object:
    • recordUrl String.
    • table DSiteDBTable.

Lists all files on the given URL which match the table's file pattern.

table.name

  • String.

The name of the table.

table.offset(n)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.offset(5)
  • n Number.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Creates a new query with the given offset applied.

table.orderBy(key)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.orderBy('foo')
  • key String.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Creates a new query ordered by the given key.

table.put(url, record)

await dsitedb.mytable.put('dweb://foo.com/myrecord.json', {foo: 'bar'})
  • url String.
  • record Object.
  • Returns Promise<String>. The URL of the written record.

Replaces or creates the record at the given URL with the record.

table.query()

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query()
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Creates a new query.

table.reverse()

var query = dsitedb.mytable.reverse()
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Creates a new query with reverse-order applied.

table.schema

  • Object.

The schema definition for the table.

table.toArray()

var records = await dsitedb.mytable.toArray()
  • Returns Promise<Array>.

Returns an array of all records in the table.

table.update(url, updates)

var wasUpdated = await dsitedb.mytable.update('dweb://foo.com/myrecord.json', {foo: 'bar'})
  • url String. The record to update.
  • updates Object. The new values to set on the record.
  • Returns Promise<Number>. The number of records updated.

Updates the target record with the given key values, if it exists.

table.update(url, fn)

var wasUpdated = await dsitedb.mytable.update('dweb://foo.com/myrecord.json', record => {
  record.foo = 'bar'
  return record
})
  • url String. The record to update.
  • fn Function. A method to modify the record.
    • record Object. The record to modify.
    • Returns Object.
  • Returns Promise<Number>. The number of records updated.

Updates the target record with the given function, if it exists.

table.upsert(url, updates)

var didCreateNew = await dsitedb.mytable.upsert('dweb://foo.com/myrecord.json', {foo: 'bar'})
  • url String. The record to update.
  • updates Object. The new values to set on the record.
  • Returns Promise<Number>. The number of records updated.

If a record exists at the target URL, will update it with the given key values.
If a record does not exist, will create the record.

table.upsert(url, fn)

var didCreateNew = await dsitedb.mytable.upsert('dweb://foo.com/myrecord.json', record => {
  if (record) {
    // update
    record.foo = 'bar'
    return record
  }
  // create
  return {foo: 'bar'}
})
  • url String. The record to update.
  • fn Function. A method to modify the record.
    • record Object. The record to modify. Will be falsy if the record does ot previously exist
    • Returns Object.
  • Returns Promise<Number>. The number of records updated.

Updates the target record with the given function, if it exists.
If a record does not exist, will give a falsy value to the method.

table.where(key)

var whereClause = dsitedb.mytable.where('foo')
  • key String.
  • Returns DSiteDBWhereClause.

Creates a new where-clause using the given key.

Event: 'put-record'

dsitedb.mytable.on('put-record', ({url, origin, indexedAt, record}) => {
  console.log('Table was updated for', url, '(origin:', origin, ') at ', indexedAt)
  console.log('Record data:', record)
})
  • url String. The url of the record that was updated.
  • origin String. The url origin of the record that was updated.
  • indexedAt Number. The timestamp of the index update.
  • record Object. The content of the updated record.

Emitted when the table has updated the stored data for a record.

Event: 'del-record'

dsitedb.mytable.on('del-record', ({url, origin, indexedAt}) => {
  console.log('Table was updated for', url, '(origin:', origin, ') at ', indexedAt)
})
  • url String. The url of the record that was deleted.
  • origin String. The url origin of the record that was deleted.
  • indexedAt Number. The timestamp of the index update.

Emitted when the table has deleted the stored data for a record.
This can happen because the record has been deleted, or because a new version of the record fails validation.

Instance: DSiteDBQuery

query.clone()

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().clone()
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Creates a copy of the query.

query.count()

var numRecords = await dsitedb.mytable.query().count()
  • Returns Promise<Number>. The number of found records.

Gives the count of records which match the query.

query.delete()

var numDeleted = await dsitedb.mytable.query().delete()
  • Returns Promise<Number>. The number of deleted records.

Deletes all records which match the query.

query.each(fn)

await dsitedb.mytable.query().each(record => {
  console.log(record)
})
  • fn Function.
    • record Object.
    • Returns Void.
  • Returns Promise<Void>.

Calls the given function with all records which match the query.

query.eachKey(fn)

await dsitedb.mytable.query().eachKey(url => {
  console.log('URL =', url)
})
  • fn Function.
    • key String.
    • Returns Void.
  • Returns Promise<Void>.

Calls the given function with the value of the query's primary key for each matching record.

The key is determined by the index being used.
By default, this is the url attribute, but it can be changed by using where() or orderBy().

Example:

await dsitedb.mytable.orderBy('age').eachKey(age => {
  console.log('Age =', age)
})

query.eachUrl(fn)

await dsitedb.mytable.query().eachUrl(url => {
  console.log('URL =', url)
})
  • fn Function.
    • url String.
    • Returns Void.
  • Returns Promise<Void>.

Calls the given function with the URL of each matching record.

query.filter(fn)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().filter(record => {
  return record.foo == 'bar'
})
  • fn Function.
    • record Object.
    • Returns Boolean.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Applies an additional filter on the query.

query.first()

var record = await dsitedb.mytable.query().first()
  • Returns Promise<Object>.

Returns the first result in the query.

query.keys()

var keys = await dsitedb.mytable.query().keys()
  • Returns Promise<Array<String>>.

Returns the value of the primary key for each matching record.

The key is determined by the index being used.
By default, this is the url attribute, but it can be changed by using where() or orderBy().

var ages = await dsitedb.mytable.orderBy('age').keys()

query.last()

var record = await dsitedb.mytable.query().last()
  • Returns Promise<Object>.

Returns the last result in the query.

query.limit(n)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().limit(10)
  • n Number.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Limits the number of matching record to the given number.

query.offset(n)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().offset(10)
  • n Number.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Skips the given number of matching records.

query.orderBy(key)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().orderBy('foo')
  • key String.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Sets the primary key and sets the resulting order to match its values.

query.put(record)

var numWritten = await dsitedb.mytable.query().put({foo: 'bar'})
  • record Object.
  • Returns Promise<Number>. The number of written records.

Replaces each matching record with the given value.

query.urls()

var urls = await dsitedb.mytable.query().urls()
  • Returns Promise<Array<String>>.

Returns the url of each matching record.

query.reverse()

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().reverse()
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Reverses the order of the results.

query.toArray()

var records = await dsitedb.mytable.query().toArray()
  • Returns Promise<Array<Object>>.

Returns the value of each matching record.

query.uniqueKeys()

var keys = await dsitedb.mytable.query().uniqueKeys()
  • Returns Promise<Array<String>>.

Returns the value of the primary key for each matching record, with duplicates filtered out.

The key is determined by the index being used.
By default, this is the url attribute, but it can be changed by using where() or orderBy().

Example:

var ages = await dsitedb.mytable.orderBy('age').uniqueKeys()

query.until(fn)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().until(record => {
  return record.foo == 'bar'
})
  • fn Function.
    • record Object.
    • Returns Boolean.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Stops emitting matching records when the given function returns true.

query.update(updates)

var numUpdated = await dsitedb.mytable.query().update({foo: 'bar'})
  • updates Object. The new values to set on the record.
  • Returns Promise<Number>. The number of updated records.

Updates all matching record with the given values.

query.update(fn)

var numUpdated = await dsitedb.mytable.query().update(record => {
  record.foo = 'bar'
  return record
})
  • fn Function. A method to modify the record.
    • record Object. The record to modify.
    • Returns Object.
  • Returns Promise<Number>. The number of updated records.

Updates all matching record with the given function.

query.where(key)

var whereClause = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('foo')
  • key String. The attribute to query against.
  • Returns DSiteDBWhereClause.

Creates a new where clause.

Instance: DSiteDBWhereClause

where.above(value)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('foo').above('bar')
var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('age').above(18)
  • value Any. The lower bound of the query.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

where.aboveOrEqual(value)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('foo').aboveOrEqual('bar')
var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('age').aboveOrEqual(18)
  • value Any. The lower bound of the query.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

where.anyOf(values)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('foo').anyOf(['bar', 'baz'])
  • values Array<Any>.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Does not work on compound indexes.

where.anyOfIgnoreCase(values)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('foo').anyOfIgnoreCase(['bar', 'baz'])
  • values Array<Any>.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Does not work on compound indexes.

where.below(value)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('foo').below('bar')
var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('age').below(18)
  • value Any. The upper bound of the query.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

where.belowOrEqual(value)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('foo').belowOrEqual('bar')
var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('age').belowOrEqual(18)
  • value Any. The upper bound of the query.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

where.between(lowerValue, upperValue[, options])

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('foo').between('bar', 'baz', {includeUpper: true, includeLower: true})
var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('age').between(18, 55, {includeLower: true})
  • lowerValue Any.
  • upperValue Any.
  • options Object.
    • includeUpper Boolean.
    • includeLower Boolean.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

where.equals(value)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('foo').equals('bar')
  • value Any.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

where.equalsIgnoreCase(value)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('foo').equalsIgnoreCase('bar')
  • value Any.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Does not work on compound indexes.

where.noneOf(values)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('foo').noneOf(['bar', 'baz'])
  • values Array<Any>.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Does not work on compound indexes.

where.notEqual(value)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('foo').notEqual('bar')
  • value Any.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Does not work on compound indexes.

where.startsWith(value)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('foo').startsWith('ba')
  • value Any.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Does not work on compound indexes.

where.startsWithAnyOf(values)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('foo').startsWithAnyOf(['ba', 'bu'])
  • values Array<Any>.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Does not work on compound indexes.

where.startsWithAnyOfIgnoreCase(values)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('foo').startsWithAnyOfIgnoreCase(['ba', 'bu'])
  • values Array<Any>.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Does not work on compound indexes.

where.startsWithIgnoreCase(value)

var query = dsitedb.mytable.query().where('foo').startsWithIgnoreCase('ba')
  • value Any.
  • Returns DSiteDBQuery.

Does not work on compound indexes.

How it works

DSiteDB abstracts over the DPackVault API to provide a simple database-like interface. It's inspired by Dexie.js and built using LevelDB. (In the browser, it runs on IndexedDB using level.js.

DSiteDB scans a set of source Dat vaults for files that match a path pattern. Web DB caches and indexes those files so they can be queried easily and quickly. DSiteDB also provides a simple interface for adding, editing, and removing records from vaults.

DSiteDB sits on top of Dat vaults. It duplicates ingested data into IndexedDB, which acts as a throwaway cache. The cached data can be reconstructed at any time from the source Dat vaults.

DSiteDB treats individual files in the Dat vault as individual records in a table. As a result, there's a direct mapping for each table to a folder of JSON files. For instance, if you had a posts table, it might map to the /posts/*.json files. DSiteDB's mutators, e.g., put, add, update, simply writes records as JSON files in the posts/ directory. DSiteDB's readers and query-ers, like get() and where(), read from the IndexedDB cache.

DSiteDB watches its source vaults for changes to the JSON files that compose its records. When the files change, it syncs and reads the changes, then updates IndexedDB, keeping query results up-to-date. Roughly, the flow is: put() -> vault/posts/12345.json -> indexer -> indexeddb -> get().

Why not put all records in one file?

Storing records in one file—posts.json for example—is an intuitive way to manage data on the peer-to-peer Web, but putting each record in an individual file is a much better choice for performance and linkability.

Performance

The dweb:// protocol doesn't support partial updates at the file-level, which means that with multiple records in a single file, every time a user adds a record, anyone who follows that user must sync and re-download the entire file. As the file continues to grow, performance will degrade. Putting each record in an individual file is much more efficient: when a record is created, peers in the network will only download the newly-created file.

Linkability

Putting each record in an individual file also makes each record linkable! This isn't as important as performance, but it's a nice feature to have.

dweb://232ac2ce8ad4ed80bd1b6de4cbea7d7b0cad1441fa62312c57a6088394717e41/posts/0jbdviucy.json